Books – Syed Metwally
High cholesterol occurs when you have too much of a fatty substance called cholesterol in your blood. This is mainly caused by eating fatty foods, not exercising enough, being overweight, smoking and drinking alcohol.
Consistently high cholesterol levels can increase the risk of heart disease, so it is essential to keep them at bay.
High cholesterol is known as an “invisible” harbinger of heart disease because it usually has no symptoms. However, there are three clear clues to extremely high levels that can appear on your feet – so what?.. express.com.
Detection is hampered because there are no symptoms that could alert you to high cholesterol, but symptoms can still be felt if cholesterol levels are too high.
Lumps of fatty under the skin called xanthomas can indicate that your cholesterol levels are in the danger zone, usually on your feet.
These skin bumps come in different shapes, from yellow to orange, and have well-defined borders.
Cholesterol buildup can block the blood vessels in the legs. This buildup of cholesterol can occur continuously and cause pain in the feet.
A tingling sensation in the feet may also indicate that cholesterol levels are dangerously high.
In most cases, the only way you will be alerted to high cholesterol is to have a blood test.
Your doctor may suggest a test if he thinks your cholesterol level could be high.
This may be due to your age, weight, or another condition you have (such as high blood pressure or diabetes).
There are two ways to perform a cholesterol test:
Draw blood from your arm
Finger prick test.
What happens next
If you have high cholesterol, a medical professional will talk to you about how to lower it.
Diet and exercise provide the most effective countermeasures against high cholesterol.
There are many foods that are not only part of a healthy diet, but can actively help lower blood cholesterol as well.
The Heart UK explains: “Reducing saturated fats and replacing some with unsaturated fats is a great way to lower blood cholesterol.”
Saturated fat is the type of fat found in butter, margarine, fatty meats, and cheese.
Foods that contain unsaturated fats include:
Vegetable oils such as olive, sunflower, corn, rapeseed, walnut and seed oils.
Avocados, nuts and seeds.
Spreads made from vegetable oils, such as sunflower oil and olive oil.
Oily fish is a good source of healthy unsaturated fats, specifically a type called omega-3 fats.
Everyone should aim for two servings of fish per week, at least one of which should be fatty, the serving is 140g, but you can eat two or three smaller servings throughout the week.
According to the Mayo Clinic, moderate physical activity can help raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the “good” cholesterol.
With your doctor’s approval, get at least 30 minutes of exercise five times a week or 20 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity three times a week.
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